Accuracy and Completeness of Medication Histories in Patients in Medical Admission Ward at the University Teaching Hospital

  • Melody Mutinta University of Zambia, School of Health Sciences, Department of Pharmacy, P.O. Box 50110, Lusaka, Zambia.
  • Lungwani Tyson Muungo 1. University of Zambia, School of Medicine, Department of Pharmacy,Lusaka,Zambia.
  • Pierre Yassa Cavendish University, School of Medicine, Lusaka, Zambia.
Keywords: Accuracy of medication history, complete medication history, medication history, Medication, Medication discrepancy

Abstract

Background Quality documentation of medication histories at the time of hospitaladmission with regard to accuracy and completeness is notdocumented at the University Teaching Hospital (UTH), in Zambia. The aim of our study was to assess the accuracy and completeness of medication historiesobtained in patients upon hospital admission. Materials & Methods We conducted a prospective cross-sectional study atmedical admission ward, University Teaching Hospital, over a period of 3months. Our study enrolled 322 patients admitted to this ward who were above 18 years of age and were able to communicate verbally, ifnot, were accompanied by a caregiver. Clinical records of these patients were screened to review allmedications the patient was taking and patients/caregivers were interviewed to obtain acomplete medication history. All informationobtained from patients through interviews was compared withmedications recorded in the patient’s clinical records at the time ofadmission to the hospital. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences(SPSS) version 22 was used for all statistical calculations. Results Of 287 clinical records, 175 (61%) incidents of inaccurate medication historiesat the time of admission were identified and that medication histories in clinical records of patients were incomplete or poorly documented. Conclusion Our study shows that 61% of medication histories in patients at the time of admission to hospitals are inaccurate. Quality documentation of medication histories in clinical records at the time of hospital admission is poor.

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Published
2021-01-28
How to Cite
1.
Mutinta M, Muungo L, Yassa P. Accuracy and Completeness of Medication Histories in Patients in Medical Admission Ward at the University Teaching Hospital. Journal of Agricultural and Biomedical Sciences [Internet]. 28Jan.2021 [cited 23Apr.2021];4(4). Available from: https://journals.unza.zm/index.php/JABS/article/view/395
Section
Biomedical Sciences