Coronavirus Disease of 2019 (COVID-19) and Household Food Security in High-Density Residential Areas of Lusaka: Experiences From Ng’ombe Settlement

  • Lizzy Michelo unza student
  • Progress Nyanga
  • Banda Alick
Keywords: COVID-19, Food Security, Zambia


Comparable to the rest of the world, African countries are orbiting from the health, economic and social effects of COVID-19. The continent’s administrations responded to COVID-19 guidelines by imposing restrictions to limit the spread of the virus. COVID-19 and measures responses to the pandemic undermine food production, processing and marketing but the most concerning experiences are on the demand-side, economic and physical access to food. Food and Agriculture Organization’s ( FAO) ‘four pillars’ availability, accessibility, stability and utilization provide a complete framework for analysing food security. However, the paper was looking at how people in high density residential areas are experiencing food security during COVID-19 period. The main aim was to assess the experiences of residents of high density urban residential areas of Lusaka in terms of household food security before and during COVID-19 pandemic era. The study used the embedded research design. Structured interviews were used to collect data from the respondents using questionnaires administered on a sample of 235 Ng’ombe residents. Key informants were selected purposively from Ng’ombe urban health Centre, Ng’ombe Catholic church, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Ministry of Agriculture and World Food Programme (WFP) officials. Data was collected using semi-structured interviews with a tool called interview guide. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistic, paired t-test and chi-square using R statistical computing software and excel. The results were presented using tables, pie charts and graphs. The study revealed that Ng’ombe residents had a devastating experience during the COVID 19 era among which include reduction in income, hunger, job losses, skipped or reduced meal sizes and compromised diet. Also pinpointing areas for governments and other actors to intervene in the food system to protect the food security of households left vulnerable by COVID-19 for example empowering the affected households with money for businesses and jobs creation. Keywords: COVID-19, Food security, High density areas, dietary diversity.


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How to Cite
Michelo L, Nyanga P, Alick B. Coronavirus Disease of 2019 (COVID-19) and Household Food Security in High-Density Residential Areas of Lusaka: Experiences From Ng’ombe Settlement. University of Zambia Journal of Agricultural and Biomedical Sciences [Internet]. 8Nov.2023 [cited 16Apr.2024];7(1). Available from: