Evaluating Stress in Undergraduate Allied Health Science Students at a University in Ghana
AbstractBackground: High sources of stress have been reported in health-care students. Professional education can be a stressful experience for some individuals and may impact negatively on emotional well-being and academic performance. However, there is a dearth of literature in Ghana concerning this field. This study set out to assess the sources and levels of stress faced by undergraduate allied health science students at University of Ghana in Ghana Methodology: We set out to carry out a cross sectional study at the School of Biomedical and Allied Health Sciences, and our sample included 304 Allied Health Science students. The Undergraduate Sources of Stress questionnaire was administered to Allied Health students in all years of available undergraduate courses of the School. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20.0 utilizing Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: Academic concerns were rated the highest stress level for all students, particularly the amount of material to learn (2.80±1.14), time demands (2.71±1.15) and overall stress (2.70±1.10). Stress levels between the various departments varied significantly (P=0.011), whereas the stress levels varied insignificantly between levels of training (P=0.856) and between male and female students (P=0.725). Conclusion: The study revealed academic concerns including the amount of material to learn, time demands of the course as well as financial issues as the greatest stressors among students. The findings of this study emphasize the need to organize stress management seminars or workshops upon admission into the respective programmes.
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